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A picture of a Holly


Ilex aquifolium

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Also known as

Celynnen, Common Holly, English Holly, Holm, Hulst, Hulver, Christmas holly, Hulver bush

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size








25 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Holly

A photo of Holly
A photo of Holly
A photo of Holly
A photo of Holly
A photo of Holly

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Ilex aquifolium 'Argentea Marginata' - Female Silver Variegated Holly


Ilex aquifolium 'Argentea Marginata' - Female Silver Variegated Holly


Holly Tree (Ilex aquifolium)

My Wish Tree

Holly Tree (Ilex aquifolium)


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Holly Overview

Ilex aquifolium is a beautiful, slow-growing, medium-sized tree or shrub species in the Aquifoliaceae family. This plant is dioecious and thus produces male and female flowers on individual plants, which are similar in appearance. Female flowers have a visible green ovary in the centre of their blooms (which appears as a small bump), and male flowers have 4 yellow stamens. The leaves are dark green, stiff and glossy with sharp spiked edges. In the spring, delicate white flowers are followed by bright red, glossy berries on pollinated female plants, these are a very popular food source for birds!

Common problems with Holly

How to propagate Holly


You can propagate by seeds in the spring.


Semi-ripe cuttings from late summer to early winter.

Special features of Holly

Attracts bees

Attracts birds

Attractive flowers

Hedge plant

Other uses of Holly

Hedging. Winter interest. Suitable for coastal conditions.

Larger Shrubs for Gardens

For larger gardens, these flowering shrubs are perfect additions to provide habitat and food for pollinators.

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Multi Stemmed Trees

With a little formative work these trees can be trained into multi- stemmed specimens.

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