A picture of a Whale Fin

Whale Fin

Dracaena masoniana

Also known as

Sansevieria masoniana, Masons Congo, Sharks Fin

Mason's Congo Sansevieria (Sansevieria masoniana) 9 by Mokkie (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Light watering


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size








10 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Whale Fin

Sansevieria masoniana - Mounts Botanical Garden - Palm Beach County, Florida - DSC03644

Whale Fin Overview

Dracaena masoniana is a succulent evergreen perennial species in the Asparagaceae family. It was previously well known as Sansevieria masoniana and is often still sold as such. The common names Whale Fin and Shark Fin refer to this plants habit of forming one large, upright leaf at a time. It originates from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, this is where the first plant samples were collected from and thus this plant was marketed as a cultivar called Sansevieria masoniana 'Masons Congo' when it first appeared in cultivation. The cultivar 'Victoria' is almost identical. When grown in certain lighting, it can appear more blue-silver in main colour compared to this species. This plant is commonly grown indoors as a houseplant for the foliage, it is tender and won't survive freezing temperatures outside of tropical climates. It is tolerant of neglectful watering and can prosper in medium to low-lighting, hence its popularity as a houseplant.

How to harvest Whale Fin

Generally not harvested.

How to propagate Whale Fin



Remove in late summer & pot on.


Leaf cuttings can be done in Spring or early Summer.

Special features of Whale Fin

Indoor plant

Attractive leaves

Other uses of Whale Fin

A low maintenance plant that is prefect as a house plant in conservatories or sub tropical indoor greenhouses.