A picture of a Fir

Fir

Abies spp.

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Also known as

Silver fir

Full Sun
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

H5

RHS hardiness

-15°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

45m

Max

8m

1m

Min

50cm

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Fir

A photo of Fir
A photo of Fir
A photo of Fir
Abies alba foliage

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Fir Overview

This genus contains almost 60 species of large evergreen coniferous trees known as Firs. At maturity they can grow to heights of 80m and widths of 4m straight across the trunk. Their gendered cones resemble those of cedars, standing upright on branches and falling apart upon maturity to spread their seed contents. Branches bear linear, flattened, sometimes glossy, green, needle-like leaves.

Common problems with Fir

How to propagate Fir

Seed

Abies seed can be sown in autumn or spring (but forms selected for leaf colour do not come true).

Cuttings

Evergreen current growth cuttings in autumn to spring. Deciduous softwood cuttings in summer.

Other uses of Fir

Specimen trees, windbreaks and timber.