Cupressus is a genus in the family Cupressaceae, containing approximately 16 species, commonly known as cypresses. They are vigorous evergreen cone-bearing plants that belong to the Pinophyta plant division. Examples from this plant division include cedars, Douglas firs, cypresses, firs, junipers, kauri, larches, pines, hemlocks, redwoods, spruces, yellow-woods and yews. Conifer is often used as a general term to refer to this group, with the Latin meaning "the one that bears cones". They typically have flaking or scaly bark and foliage is reduced to small, aromatic, scale-like leaves that are in forward-pointing pairs. Female cones are small and spherical in shape, coloured brown, whereas male cones are green and borne at the shoot tips.