White Mulberry Overview
Morus alba is a deciduous tree species from the Moraceae family. It originates from Central China but has been introduced around the world. It is widely and commercially grown, the leaves provide food for silkworms used in commercial silk production. It has been naturalised in many locations and is considered a genetic threat in North America to the native Red Mulberry, Morus rubra, which it readily hybridises with. Leaves are large and alternately arranged, measuring up to 15cm in length, with serrated edges. Flowers are non-showy, coloured yellow-green or red-green, appearing as the leaves do. Leading onto attractive, sweet-tasting achene fruits, similar to a Blackberry, they measure 1-1.5cm in length and are coloured white-pink. They are said to taste blandly sweet compared to the more exciting Red and Black Mulberry fruits. This species is noted for its rapid pollen release and edible fruits, it is commonly known by many names including White Mulberry, Common Mulberry and Silkworm Mulberry. This tree produces white fruits that have been used in culinary and medicinal applications for decades. The fruits are not as sweet or juicy as those of the Black Mulberry Tree, Morus nigra. The forms of this medium-sized tree range from pyramidal to droopy and is thus widely used as an ornamental garden tree. This tree species has a rich history in the silk industry, it is aesthetically beautiful, edible and has many health benefits. Thus the White Mulberry tree is a desirable plant for any temperate or sub-tropical garden.