Clematis

Clematis spp.

Old Man's Beard, Traveller's Joy, Virgin's Bower, Leather Flower, Virgin's Bower

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Clematis is a genus with around 385 species from the Ranunculaceae family. Thes are popular herbaceous climbers, grown for their huge range of flower shapes and colours, and sometimes evergreen foliage. Clematis are generally divided into three main groups according to where and when their flowers are produced. They are spring-blooming clematis that flower on side shoots of the previous year's stems; summer or autumn blooming clematis, which flower only on the ends of new stems (current seasons growth); and twice-flowering clematis that flower on both side shoots and terminally. Most species in this genus are hardy, with a few exceptions.
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Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Spring, Summer

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Flowers and or the seed heads can be harvested for the vase, due to the short flower stalks whole flowering branches are harvested.

Propagation

Seed

Sow seeds as soon as they are ripe.

Layering

Layering in late winter or early spring.

Cuttings

Root softwood cuttings in spring or semi-ripe cuttings in early summer.

Division

Divide or take basal cuttings of herbaceous growth in spring.

Special features

Pot plant

Use a large container about 45cm in diameter with the same depth, for good root growth, make sure a suitable support is in place such as an obelisk or a small trellis.

Attracts useful insects

Attracts bees and butterflies

Hedge plant

They often grow into hedges either having a support structure build or using a established plant hedge.

Attractive flowers

Attractive leaves

Special features

Origin

Asia, Japan, China.

Natural climate

Cold and Temperate

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Loam, Sand, Compost, Chalk

Soil PH preference

Neutral

Frost hardiness

Half-Hardy

Uses

Medicinal

Clematis is a constituent of Bach's Rescue Remedy.

Personality

Family

Ranunculaceae

Flower colour

Purple, Red, Yellow, White, Pink, Multicoloured, Cream

Scent

None
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Knowledge and advice

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