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A picture of a Common Camellia

Common Camellia

Camellia japonica

Also known as

Japanese Camellia, rose camellia, Rose Of Winter, Japanese Rose

Photo by MidnightVisitor (All rights reserved)

Partial Shade
Moderate care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

More images

Camellia japonica-IMG 2052
A photo of Common Camellia
Camellia japonica-IMG 2051
Camellia japonica1
A photo of Common Camellia


Camellia japonica is an evergreen shrub or tree species from the Theaceae family. It can produce beautiful flowers year-round if grown in ideal conditions and it is commonly known by the names Rose Of Winter, Japanese Camellia and Common Camellia. There are several species of Camellia, including Camellia sinensis, the tea plant, which is used to produce green, white and black tea. This plant is one of the most commonly found species, it can be used for hedging and borders or just as a beautiful​ focal point in your garden. The darker flowering Camellias can withstand a bit more sun, but the pink and white forms are usually grown in shade. If you find that leaf veins are turning yellow, you might need to adjust the pH of your soil, the ideal pH is slightly acidic, between 6.0-6.5.

Common problems


Flowers can be cut whenever desired.



Soft wood cuttings: cut a 10cm long new shoot, remove half of the leaves on the shoot, dip the base in rooting hormone (or alternatively cinnamon powder) & plant in moist compost.


Air Layering - cut a branch partially through, dip in hormone (or cinnamon), bend the branch so cut area touches the soil, weigh it down to keep it in place, leave to root and cut away parent plant.

Special Features

Indoor plant

You are able to successfully​ grow Camellias in a container indoors.

Hedge plant

It can be grown as a beautiful hedge, prune into the shape and size you want. Camellias grow well in spring and summer but not much during autumn and winter.​ The best time to prune is in autumn or after flowering.

Pot plant

Camellias do nicely in pots. Ensure good drainage and a good potting soil mix.

Attractive flowers

Colours range from white to pink and red.


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