This plant has a mild fragrance
More images of Broccoli
Brassica oleracea var. italica (Italica Group) is commonly known as broccoli. It is well known as being a healthy addition to the dinner table, being rich in nutritional value. It is a source of vitamin A, B and C, iron, fibre, calcium and zinc among others. Its one of the easiest crops to grow yourself! Usually green in colour and taking a tree-like shape, it is characterized by a flowering head on a thick stalk, both of which are edible. From the Latin "brachium" and Italian "Brocco", the name Broccoli means "arm" or "branch" and is a plant in the cabbage family and very well adapted to growing in cool climates.
Common problems with Broccoli
Broccoli Companion Plants
How to harvest Broccoli
It is essential to cut the flower heads off before they flower. Do this while the plant is still green. Cut the head off while still attached to the stem as well as the leaves. The plant will continue to produce side shoots, and when ready these to can be harvested in turn.
How to propagate Broccoli
Preferably sow seeds just below the surface, 1-2 cm deep. Plant separate seedlings more or less 45 cm from one another and the rows 90 cm from each other.
Special features of Broccoli
Other uses of Broccoli
Often eaten as a cooked vegetable or added to soups.
Edibles to Sow Outdoors in May
If the soil is warm enough, sow direct into prepared beds.
Edible to Sow Under Cover in May
Successional sow small batches on a sunny windowsill or in a heated propagator, ready to plant out later in the month.