Pomegranates are ready to pick when their outside rind has turned deep red. Once they start to crack open, they have gotten over-ripe. Fruit is ready about 6 months after flowering.
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Pomegranate, Punica granatum is a shrub or small tree growing between 1 to 10 m tall, with multiple spiny branches, and is extremely long-lived, with some specimens in France surviving for 200 years. The leaves are opposite or almost opposite, glossy, narrow oblong, entire, 3–7 cm long and 2 cm broad. The small flowers are bright red with three to seven petals. Some fruitless varieties are grown for the flowers alone. The edible fruit is a berry, intermediate in size between a lemon and a grapefruit, 5–12 cm in diameter with a rounded shape and thick, reddish skin. The number of seeds in a pomegranate can vary from 200 to about 1400. Each seed is surrounded by a water-laden edible pulp, ranging in color from white to deep red or purple. The seeds are embedded in a white, spongy, astringent membrane.
Common problems with Pomegranate
Insect pests of the pomegranate can include Flase coding moth, the pomegranate butterfly Virachola isocrates and the leaf-footed bug Leptoglossus zonatus. Fruit flies and ants are attracted to unharvested ripe fruit.
How to propagate Pomegranate
You can propagate from seeds in the spring or from cuttings in summer.
Special features of Pomegranate
Can be made into a bonsai.
Other uses of Pomegranate
Fruit, ornamental, container, hedging, specimen, orchards. Summer interest.
Seeds inside fruit are edible.