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Common Bean

Phaseolus vulgaris

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Also known as

French Bean, Green Bean, Common Haricot, Dwarf Bean, Frash Bean, Garden Bean, Haricot Bean, Kidney Bean, Runner Bean, String Bean, Bean, Black bean, Flageolet bean, Pinto bean

Snijboon peulen Phaseolus vulgaris by Rasbak (CC-BY-SA-3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Tender

H3-H1b

RHS hardiness

-5°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

1.5m

Max

50cm

30cm

Min

15cm

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

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Common Bean Overview

This species grows easily with little maintenance and produces pea-like flowers and an abundance of edible seed pods. They can add nitrogen to the soil, making them ideal plants for organic vegetable gardens. The plants are easily cultivated but are susceptible to several diseases, such as rust, blight, and wilt. Generally, beans are warm-season annuals that grow erect (bush types) or as vines (pole or running types). The seeds contain a lot of protein and so are often used as a meat substitute. There are many different varieties of bean in all kinds of colours and textures that have been derived from the original species.

Common problems with Common Bean

Beans are susceptible to a variety of insects with beetles being the most common; these insects can easily be picked off by hand or sprayed with soapy water. Excessive heat and humidity can cause a variety of disease problems in beans.

Common Bean Companion Plants

How to harvest Common Bean

Beans are picked at an immature stage when the seeds inside have not yet fully developed. Look for firm, sizable pods and snap or cut off the plant. Do not tear the plant.

How to propagate Common Bean

Seed

Plant seeds during the Spring after the last frost. Sow 5cm deep and 5-10cm apart directly in the bed. Thin bush beans to 10cm apart. Thin pole beans to 15cm apart and provide a structure to train up.

Special features of Common Bean

Attractive flowers

Attracts bees

Crop rotation

Beans are legumes and so enrich the soil with Nitrogen.

Other uses of Common Bean

Culinary, vegetable, food

Edible

Green Beans are high in Vitamin C and fibre. They can be eaten fresh in salads or eaten as a cooked vegetable.

Edibles to Sow Outdoors in July

Successional sowings of these quick growing and cropping plants will fill spaces and ensure a prolonged harvest.

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