Common Elder Overview
Sambucus nigra is also commonly known as Elderberry, Common Elder and Elderflower Tree, amongst many other names. It is a large shrub or small tree species from the Viburnaceae family. Elderberry plants produce divided foliage, the leaves turn an attractive yellow colour in the autumn. Flowers are scented and creamy-white in colour, appearing from early summer. Flowers lead onto small, black, berry fruits. Easy to grow in most soils, it thrives in humus-rich sites in full sun locations. 'Elder' is derived from the Anglo-Saxon word 'Aeld', meaning fire, probably developed because the center of elder stems was used as tinder to start fires. It's easy propagation and resistance to pests explains the popularity of Elders with gardeners. Interesting for a shrub, valued highly by carpenters for making skewers, mathematical instruments and toys. It is also highly valued in the medicinal world.