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Pecan Nut

Carya illinoinensis

Also known as

Nogal Morado, Nuez Encarcelada, Pecan, Pecanier

Full Sun
Advanced care
Light watering


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

Pecan Nut Overview

Pecan trees become quite large and provide much needed shade in urban environments. However, growing pecan trees in small gardens isn’t practical because there are no dwarf varieties. Pecan nuts are eaten as a delicious natural snack and used in cooking an baking. Uses: Other than the seed being edible, the wood is also suitable for making furniture and flooring and for smoking meats.

Common problems with Pecan Nut

Pecan scab is caused by a fungus that causes lesions that increases in size and become blackened and sunken in appearance. Lesions crack as the leaves expand. Caused by unnecessary fertilisation. Downy fungal leaf spot can cause early leaf loss. Remove and destroy fallen leaves and apply a preventative fungicide spray program.

    Pecan Nut Companion Plants

    Under-plant with dry shade plants.

    How to harvest Pecan Nut

    Harvest your pecans after the shucks open. One method for retrieving the pecans is to carefully shake the tree branches so that the nuts fall to the ground. Then you can immediately pick them up. Do not leave them on moist ground or in wet leaves. Trees take 3-7 years before producing flowers and nuts.

    How to propagate Pecan Nut


    Sow seed in winter, spacing 10 - 18 m apart and at a depth of at least 2 m. Growing from the nut is the least expensive, but it takes five to seven years longer to produce fruit.

    Special features of Pecan Nut

    Drought resistant

    They grow naturally where there are long, hot and often dry summers.

    Other uses of Pecan Nut


    The seeds of the pecan tree can be eaten fresh or used in cooking, particularly in desserts. They have a rich buttery flavour. One of the most common desserts is the pecan pie.


    Pecan wood is used in making furniture and wood flooring as well as flavoring fuel for smoking meats.