Skip to main content

Wheat 'Durum Wheat'

Triticum durum

Also known as

Durum Wheat, Hard Wheat, Marcaroni Wheat

Full Sun
Easy care
Light watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

Wheat 'Durum Wheat' Overview

Durum wheat is similar to bread wheat except that the grains are larger and harder, it has a lower gluten content. Durum Wheat probably originated by natural mutation from Emmer wheat, which was the first wheat used by man. It is the hardest wheat, making it difficult to use for flour and rather it is milled into semolina and used for pastas and to make couscous. Red durum is mostly used for livestock feed.

Common problems with Wheat 'Durum Wheat'

American boll worm, aphids (green and brown), black maize beetle, black sand mite, false chinch bug and mite. The best ways to limit pests and diseases are proper crop rotation, biological control and weed removal.

Wheat 'Durum Wheat' Companion Plants

Generally grown in solid blocks.

How to harvest Wheat 'Durum Wheat'

It is easy to thresh, because the heavy grain falls easily out of its husk.

How to propagate Wheat 'Durum Wheat'


Planting depth should range from 2 to 5 cm with row spacing of 30 to 90 cm. Sowing time is best in Autumn to make use of winter rain.

Special features of Wheat 'Durum Wheat'

Attracts birds

The seeds arefavourite of many seedloving feeders.

Drought resistant

Prefered wheat to grow in dry areas.

Other uses of Wheat 'Durum Wheat'



Generally used for pasta, couscous and breads. It is not generally favoured for making flour for other baked goods, because the gluten in it is not relased from the hard seeds.