A picture of a Cabbage


Brassica oleracea (Capitata Group) 'Cabbages'

Also known as

Savoy Cabbage, Red Cabbage

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

Cabbage Overview

Brassica oleracea (Cagitata Group) commonly known as Cabbages are leafy vegetable that produces large heads of compact leaves. Cabbages belong to the Mustard family that include broccoli, cauliflowers, kale and Brussel Sprouts. They are mild, sweet and have a slightly peppery flavour, can be used freshly cut, cooked, added to soups and used in side dishes. Cabbages prefer growing in cooler temperatures and thrive during winter in warmer climates.

Common problems with Cabbage

Cabbage Companion Plants

How to harvest Cabbage

Cabbage heads are ready to harvest within 3-4 months after sowing. Cut head at ground level when they are firm to the touch to eat fresh or pick heads that are firm and solid with no outer leaves that have lost their green colour, pulling up the entire plant and roots for storing.

How to propagate Cabbage


Sow seeds thinly in Summer, 6-12 mm deep and 15-20 cm apart. It will give seedlings time to grow vegetative before the colder climate sets in and help to form a sweet and good 'head'. Germination takes 10-14 days.

Special features of Cabbage

Crop rotation

Rotate crops annually to avoid pests and diseases and don't grow brassicas on the same plot more than once every three years. Moving the crop helps avoid the build-up of soil pests and diseases.

Other uses of Cabbage



Contain Vitamin C and K as well as dietary fibre.


The edible leaves are mild, sweet, and have a peppery flavour that softens with cooking. They are great shredded for salads, added to soups or cooked as a side dish.

Edibles to Sow Outdoors in May

If the soil is warm enough, sow direct into prepared beds.

Explore all

Edible to Sow Under Cover in May

Successional sow small batches on a sunny windowsill or in a heated propagator, ready to plant out later in the month.

Explore all