A picture of a Artichoke


Cynara scolymus

Also known as

Chard, French Artichoke

Cynara scolymus-003 by https://www.jjharrison.com.au/ (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size








3 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Artichoke

A green Cynara scolymus plant in a garden
A close up of a purple Cynara scolymus flower
A vase filled with globe artichokes Cynara scolymus on a tiled floor

Artichoke Overview

Cynara scolymus is grown mainly for the large edible flower buds, which are called artichokes. This plant is also considered highly ornamental and can be found in many flower gardens providing architectural interest and height to displays. It has dramatic, grey structural foliage and the striking purple flowers are sure to impress!

Common problems with Artichoke

Artichoke Companion Plants

Sunflowers, tarragon

How to harvest Artichoke

Harvest the green flower buds before the scales or bracts have started to open. Remove the bud and 7.5-10 cm of the stem with a sharp knife or secateurs.

How to propagate Artichoke


Sow in Spring to Summer. Sowing depth ideally 6 mm. Germination time is between 12-18 days.


To keep stock young, divide plants every two to three years and space 1m apart. Also, remove new shoots from underground roots and transplant.

Special features of Artichoke

Attracts bees

Attracts useful insects

Attracts insects like bees to the thistle flower.

Drought resistant

The thick underground roots and grey-coloured leaves make it survive hot, dry times.

Attractive flowers

Attractive fruits

Other uses of Artichoke


Though not commonplace, Artichoke flower buds can be cooked and eaten.


Parts of the plant are used to make homoeopathic remedies for hangovers, IBS, kidney problems and anaemia

Purple Flowering Summer Plants

Love purple flowers and looking for summer inspiration.

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Edibles to Plant Out in June

Young plants started off indoors can now be planted out.

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