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A picture of a Radicchio Types of Chicory

Radicchio Types of Chicory

Cichorium intybus 'Red'

Radicchio from Venice by Marieke Kuijjer (CC BY-SA 2.0)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Moderate watering


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size








9 months to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images of Radicchio Types of Chicory

A piece of cake on a plate
A close up of the rounded head a Radicchio chicory plant showing its green outer leaves and some of the red inner leaves.
A close up of the red and white round head of a Radicchio chicory
A close up of the read and white hearts of a Radicchio Chicory.
A close up of a bowl of the red and white inner leaves of a radicchio chicory.

Radicchio Types of Chicory Overview

Cichorium intybus can be group together into three distinctive types of Chicory - Forcing, Radicchio & Sugar Loaf. Radicchio or Red types have been bred for their leafy heads that turn red in response to the change in daylight. They can be blanched to produce crisp red and white round heads. Sow in June and July, thinning seedlings to 30cm apart and provide plenty of water during dry periods. After 12 weeks of growth the heads can be blanched by placing a black plastic pot over the dry and loosely tied leaves, excluding all light. However, many of the Radicchio types will form good heads whose outer leaves will cause the heads to self blanch with out the need of additional material. Chicory is very similar to Endive and is grown in the same way, and to confuse matters, it is commonly known as Endive by the French. The most commonly known red type is Chicory 'Indigo'.

Common problems with Radicchio Types of Chicory

How to harvest Radicchio Types of Chicory

Forced 'chicons' are ready to be harvested when they are roughly 15cm in height.

How to propagate Radicchio Types of Chicory


You can propagate by seeds in the autumn or spring.

Special features of Radicchio Types of Chicory

Attractive flowers

Crop rotation

Pot plant

Other uses of Radicchio Types of Chicory


Edibles to Plant Out in June

Young plants started off indoors can now be planted out.

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Edibles to Sow Outdoors in July

Successional sowings of these quick growing and cropping plants will fill spaces and ensure a prolonged harvest.

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