A picture of a Monkey puzzle tree

Monkey puzzle tree

Araucaria spp.

Also known as

Chile pine, Pino araucana, Pino Chileno, Piñonero

Araucaria araucana01 by Line1 by Liné1 (CC BY 2.5)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Tender

H7-H2

RHS hardiness

-20°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

80m

Max

10m

15m

Min

3m

Flowering

This plant has no fragrance

More images of Monkey puzzle tree

A photo of Monkey puzzle tree
A photo of Monkey puzzle tree

Monkey puzzle tree Overview

This genus of evergreen, coniferous trees is endemic to tropical rainforests that have a dry Winter, with 14 of the 19 species restricted to New Caledonia in the Pacific Ocean. They are large trees, reaching heights of up to 80m, that produce male or female cones in Summer and have horizontal spreading branches. These are covered in needle-like or flat, sharp leaves that grow in spirals. This genus contains the famous monkey puzzle tree, also known as the Chilean pine, Araucaria araucana which is the only one suitable for a temperate climate.

Common problems with Monkey puzzle tree

How to propagate Monkey puzzle tree

Cuttings

Seed

Special features of Monkey puzzle tree

Attractive leaves

Other uses of Monkey puzzle tree

Grown mainly as architectural trees, for their habit and foliage. Some species are cultivated for their timber or for their edible nuts.

Coniferous Trees

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