A picture of a Garden Strawberry

Garden Strawberry

Fragaria × ananassae

Also known as

Strawberry, Cultivated Strawberry

Fruits of Fragaria × ananassa by Alpsdake (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size








6 months to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

Pick ripe fruit as required in the warmest part of the day when they are at their sweetest. Strawberries do not store well and are best eaten straight away - with or with cream!

More images of Garden Strawberry

A close up of a green leaved strawberry plant growing in the ground.
A close up of the white and yellow flowers of a strawberry plant.
A close up of the white and yellow flowers and a developing green strawberry fruit, surrounded by its green leaves.
A close up of red juicy strawberry fruit covered in yellow seeds in front of a green leaf.
A close up of the developing green and red strawberry fruit, surrounded by its green leaves. growing in a black plastic pot.

Garden Strawberry Overview

Fragaria × ananassae commonly known as Strawberry or the Garden Strawberry are very popular additions to gardens and allotments alike. This popular hybrid was created in Brittany, France in the 1750s by crossing Fragaria virginiana - from North America and F. chiloensis - from Chile. Since then many more cultivars have been developed to satisfy our hunger for these sweet, bright red and juicy fruit that are not technically berries at all.

Common problems with Garden Strawberry

Strawberries may require protective covers - nets or cages - to prevent squirrels, birds and wayward children/adults from eating the ripe fruit. Plants being grown undercover can also suffer from Red Spider Mite.

How to propagate Garden Strawberry


Peg down runners into the soil or small pots of compost and leave attached to the parent plant until autumn or they have rooted themselves firmly. Cut free and replant in the desired location straight away, or overwinter in a cool greenhouse or cold frame to be planted up in spring. Everbearing/perpetual strawberry types do not produce runners as freely as summer fruiting types. These may need to be left attached the parent plant until the following spring.


Sow seed in early spring in to trays of pre-watered good quality seed compost or soil. Cover lightly with a thin layer of compost or vermiculite. Maintain heat at 18C. Germination should occur at around 6 weeks. Use a mister to maintain moisture as the very small seed can be washed away. Prick out into individual pots or modular trays once the seedlings are large enough to handle (by the leaves only). Grow on - potting up as required - until after the risk of frost has passed, and acclimatise the young plants before planting out. Alternatively, wait until autumn to plant out reducing the need to water.

Special features of Garden Strawberry

Attractive flowers

Attracts bees

Good plant for attracting bees and other pollinating insect wildlife into your garden.

Crop rotation

Strawberries prefer nutrient-rich soil. For the best crop production replace plants every three years, ideally growing in a new area to prevent P&D build-up.

Ground cover

Pot plant

Other uses of Garden Strawberry

This culinary fruit can be used in a variety of edible dishes and drinks and grown for its ornamental attributes. With low maintenance requirements, they can be added to wildlife-friendly spaces and grown amongst other edible plants in an informal cottage style.