Choose a country to see content specific to your location

A picture of a Pepper Tree

Pepper Tree

Zanthoxylum piperitum

Also known as

Japanese Prickly Ash, Japan Pepper, Chinese Pepper, Sichuan Pepper, Sansho, Japanese pepper

Full Sun
Light watering
Frost Hardy

H6

RHS hardiness

-20°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

2.5m

Max

2.5m

1.5m

Min

1.5m

10 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

Pepper Tree Overview

This species is a bushy, spiny, deciduous shrub with pinnate fragrant, glossy, dark green leaves with ovate toothed leaflets which will turn yellow in the autumn. The flowers are panicles of yellow-green blooms which are cup-shaped, followed by small red berries.

How to propagate Pepper Tree

Seed

You can propagate by seeds in the autumn.

Cuttings

Root cuttings in late winter.

Other uses of Pepper Tree

Grown for their fruits, aromatic foliage and habit. The bark has medicinal use.