A picture of a Bay Willow

Bay Willow

Salix pentandra

Also known as

Laurel-Leaved Willow, Bay-Leaved Willow, Sweet Willow, Laurel Willow

Photo by Valerii Glazunov (CC BY 4.0)

Full Sun
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

H6

RHS hardiness

-20°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

12m

Max

8m

8m

Min

8m

10 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Bay Willow

A close up of a Salix pentandra tree
A Salix pentandra plant
A Salix pentandra plant
Salix pentandra growing wild, Kielder, Northumberland, England; autumn 2005

Bay Willow Overview

Salix pentandra is a deciduous tree species from the Salicaceae family. Originating from Europe to Mongolia, it is commonly known by the names Bay Willow and Bay-Leaved Willow, amongst others. It is hardy and has a bushy habit, easily growing to 15m in height. Leaves are dark green with finely serrated edges and measure up to 12cm in length. Young foliage is sticky, appearing from narrow green-brown buds. Flowers appear from late spring to early summer, after the leaves. They are arranged in catkin structures and this species is dioecious and so produces male and female flowers on different plants. The female flowers are green and the male flowers yellow. Bark is coloured dark grey and has scaly textured ridges which cross. Stems are green-brown in colour and have a smoother texture.

Common problems with Bay Willow

How to propagate Bay Willow

Cuttings

Seed

Layering

By layering.

Special features of Bay Willow

Attractive leaves

Attractive flowers

Other uses of Bay Willow

Grown for their habit, foliage, catkins and, in some cases, colourful winter shoots. Suitable for coastal conditions. Attracts butterflies