Adults: A medium and robust insect (generally between 0.5-4cm); they're often dark coloured, but some species display bright and contrasting patterning (e.g. red, yellow and orange). The necks are narrow; the wings and body are long and narrow in shape. They possess a recurved beak, which is theoretically a proboscis; or a modified rostrum. The legs are long and stilt-like.
Larger species should be approached with caution.
Nymphs: Often look a little different to the adults. They lack wings, so it's possible to observe the segmented abdominal region. They're often brown coloured but sometimes incorporate tones of red, orange and yellow; if the adult morph demonstrates colouring. Likewise, some species display small abdominal spines. They poke out their abdomens and hold the posture as an ant would.