Temperatures are starting to cool down and the leaves are starting to fall. As autumn approaches we need to think about preparation for winter and how to keep the garden happy and healthy.
Ponds are no different so here is the first of two articles on how to keep your pond looking beautiful, even through the cold months.
All year round it's important to help keep your pond clean and prevent build up of algae on the surface.
Cleaning the pond base
Ideally, you want to be able to remove any thick layers of silt that have built up at the bottom of your pond and do a partial water change to help re-oxygenate the pond.
Do this by using a pond vac, which will remove silt (and some water!) Don't worry about removing all of the silt, just remove as much as you can. Any leftover silt can be a source of nutrients for waterlilies next year. The rotten leaves and silt you remove make an incredible garden fertiliser, so just tip onto the soil and dig in.
If you only have a small pond you can also do this by using a net to hook out silt. Silt can be reused and distributed over vegetable patches as it is a good source of nutrients.
Alternatively, use an Eco-Friendly Mud Muncher. This is an solution that can be added to ponds to break down and degrade any plant matter and fish waste.
If you've got a nature pond, silt and leaves can create a good place for toads to hibernate. Consider leaving this job until March and find out more in Dan's article here.
Next week, we're talking about looking after plants and animals in your pond over winter, follow Candide_UK so you don't miss it!