Also known as
Holly Oak, Evergreen Oak, Holly-Leaved Oak, Ilex, Holm oak, Holly-leaved oak, Oak
20 years to reach maturity
More images of Holm Oak
Holm Oak Overview
Quercus ilex is also commonly known by the names holm oak, holly oak and evergreen oak. This lovely Mediterranean tree does well in coastal locations (UK). It is a big evergreen tree species in the beech and oak family, Fagaceae, it typically exceeds 12m in height and a spread of over 8m, given enough space to grow. The bark is finely cracked and dark brown-black in colour, with a rough texture. The crown of this tree is large and rounded, leaves are oval in shape, shiny on the upper surface and whitish on the underside. Leaves are whitish upon emergence and develop dark green colouring with age. Flowers are arranged in a hanging spike, termed a catkin and they are yellow and wind pollinated.
Common problems with Holm Oak
How to propagate Holm Oak
Sow seed when ripe.
Grafting is typically done in mid-autumn or late winter.
Special features of Holm Oak
Other uses of Holm Oak
Specimen, hedging. Summer interest. Suitable for coastal conditions.
Multi Stemmed Trees
With a little formative work these trees can be trained into multi- stemmed specimens.Explore all