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A picture of a London Plane

London Plane

Platanus × hispanica

Also known as

Maple-Leaved Plane, London plane tree, Plane tree

Soignies AR1aJPG by Jean-Pol GRANDMONT (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Light watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size








50 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of London Plane

The fruit of a London Plane hanging on the tree, taken in England in Autumn.
A large Patanus × hispanica tree with green leaves in an urban environment
A Patanus × hispanica tree with green leaves
A photo of London Plane

London Plane Overview

Platanus × hispanica is an artificial hybrid bred from a cross between the species P. orientalis and P. occidentalis, commonly known by the name London Plane. It is a large deciduous tree with that produces attractive flaking grey-cream bark. The leaves are maple-like in their appearance, with finger-like lobes and the leaves measure approximately 20cm across. Flowers are non-showy, leading onto spherical, burr-like fruits. This tree is well suited to larger gardens where its presence and majesty can be appreciated. The most striking feature of the London Plane is its flaking bark. It can be a messy tree in autumn as the leaves drop and can cause hay-fever as it releases large amounts of pollen in spring. The London Plane is very tolerant of atmospheric pollution and root compaction, and for this reason, it is a popular urban roadside tree. This species has earnt a Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit.

How to propagate London Plane


Propagate by hardwood cuttings in early winter or cultivate seedlings sometimes found near mature trees - it is a fertile hybrid.

Other uses of London Plane

Specimen, unusual bark and interesting leaves