London Plane

Platanus × hispanica

Maple-Leaved Plane, London Plane Tree

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Soignies AR1aJPG by Jean-Pol GRANDMONT (CC BY-SA 3.0)
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A Patanus × hispanica tree growing outdoors
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Soignies AR1aJPG by Jean-Pol GRANDMONT (CC BY-SA 3.0)
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Platanus × hispanica is an artificial hybrid bred from a cross between the species P. orientalis and P. occidentalis, commonly known by the name London Plane. It is a large deciduous tree with that produces attractive flaking grey-cream bark. The leaves are maple-like in their appearance, with finger-like lobes and the leaves measure approximately 20cm across. Flowers are non-showy, leading onto spherical, burr-like fruits. This tree is well suited to larger gardens where its presence and majesty can be appreciated. The most striking feature of the London Plane is its flaking bark. It can be a messy tree in autumn as the leaves drop and can cause hay-fever as it releases large amounts of pollen in spring. The London Plane is very tolerant of atmospheric pollution and root compaction, and for this reason, it is a popular urban roadside tree. This species has earnt a Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit.

Special features


Europe, Eurasia



Full Sun

Soil moisture


Soil type

Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Acid, Neutral, Alkaline

Frost hardiness