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A picture of a Norway Spruce

Norway Spruce

Picea abies

Also known as

Common Spruce, Christmas Tree, Baltic Whitewood, Burgundy Pitch Tree, Spruce Fir, White Deal, White Spruce

Norway Spruce cones (Picea abies) by MrPanyGoff (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

More images

Picea abies Cupressina 02
Picea abies-Schwarzerden-Bahnhof-20080530-03
Picea abies Beskid Żywiecki
Picea abies Barryi
Picea abies Cupressina 01


Evergreen conifer with a dense, fast growth habit, maximum height is over 30m and this species can spread over 8m wide. Grows into a narrow, conical shape that becomes broader with age. Foliage is shiny, dark green and reduced to needle-like structures measuring around 2.5cm long. These are borne on upper branch surfaces and cones with tapered tops are also produced, measuring around 5cm wide and 15cm long.

Special Features

Attracts bees