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A picture of a Pokeweed

Pokeweed

Phytolacca americana

Also known as

Coakum, Pigeon Berry, Pocan Bush, American Pokeweed, American Nightshade, Cancer Jalap, Chon Grass, Cokan, Crimson-Berry Plant, Crowberry, Dyer's Grapes, Garget, Inkberry, Poke, Pokeberry, Poke Root, Poke Salad, Red Ink Plant, Red Weed, Scoke, Skoke, Virginian Poke, Common Pokeweed, Red ink plant, Virginian pokeweed

Full Sun
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

H7

RHS hardiness

-20°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

4m

Max

1.5m

2.5m

Min

1m

3 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Pokeweed

A photo of Pokeweed
A photo of Pokeweed
A photo of Pokeweed
A photo of Pokeweed
A photo of Pokeweed

Pokeweed Overview

Phytolacca americana is a herbaceous perennial in the pokeweed family, Phytolaccaceae. It produces oval to lance-shaped leaves, which develop attractive purple colouration in the autumn. The interesting flowers are white-pink in colour, these are produced on a triangular raceme structure. A raceme is a form of unbranched inflorescence where the oldest flowers are formed at the base and new blooms from the tip as the plant grows. Flowers appear from mid-summer to early autumn, leading onto red-black berry fruits in the autumn.

How to propagate Pokeweed

Seed

Sow seed in spring.

Special features of Pokeweed

Attractive flowers

Attractive leaves

Attractive fruits

Other uses of Pokeweed

Ornamental, fruit, foliage. Whole plant is poisonous if eaten.