Also known as
Norfolk Reed, Bennels, Carrizo, Danube Grass, Ditch Reed, Nal, Pole Reed, Spire Reed, Spires, Giant Reed, Phragmites, Reed Grass, Reed
10 years to reach maturity
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Common Reed Overview
Phragmites australis is a cosmopolitan perennial grass/reed, with grey-green leaves and a light brown to purple inflorescence. The flowers are surrounded by silky white hairs. In late summer to mid-autumn, these glistening, plume-like spikelets are a joy to see. Where conditions are favourable for its growth, Phragmites australis can form large stands, as much as much as 1 square kilometre or more in extent. As a vigorous grass, it produces rhizomes (horizontal runners) which help its spread. It is commonly seen growing well in damp ground, or even in standing water up to 1 metre or so deep. It can also tolerate brackish water, as well as being able to grow by the sea in estuaries or salt marshes, making it a great choice for naturlistic lakeside plantings!