Heather

Calluna vulgaris

Ling

profile iconCalluna vulgaris 1
by bdk (CC BY-SA 3.0)
1 of 9
profile iconCalluna vulgaris 1
by bdk (CC BY-SA 3.0)
1 of 9
Commonly known as heather, the perennial, evergreen shrub (Calluna vulgaris) has hundreds of cultivars. It naturally occurs in a range of moorland, bog, and heathland habitats around the world. In New Zealand, it is considered as an unwanted organism and a ban is in place for its sale and propagation. Similarly, in Australia, Calluna is on the alert list for eradication. The plant grows to between 40-70 cm tall, producing many bell-shaped flowers in late summer. Leaves and small and scale-like measuring 2-3 mm in length. It tends to dominate heath and moorland habitats, can handle grazing and regenerates effectively following fires.
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Related Plants

Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Summer, Autumn

Propagation

Cuttings

Root semi-ripe cuttings in midsummer.

Layering

Layer in spring.

Special features

Attracts bees

Attracts useful insects

Special features

Origin

Europe, Eurasia

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Clay, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Acid

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Personality

Family

Ericaceae

Flower colour

Pink, Purple

Scent

None

Related Problems

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Knowledge and advice

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