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A picture of a Himalayan Birch

Himalayan Birch

Betula utilis

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Also known as

Indian Paper Birch, Kashmir Birch, Birch

Betula utilis02 by Line1 by Liné1 (CC BY 2.5)

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size








30 years to reach maturity


  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Himalayan Birch

A close up of a Betula utilis trunk
Birch (Bhojpatra), possibly Betula utilis subsp. jacquemontii, at 14.18 hrs. from Mailee Thaatch Camp during Saurkundi Pass Trek in Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh, India.
A photo of Himalayan Birch

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Betula utilis var. jacquemontii 'Doorenbos'  - White Bark West Himalayan Birch Tree


Betula utilis var. jacquemontii 'Doorenbos' - White Bark West Himalayan Birch Tree


Himalayan Birch Overview

Betula utilis is a large, deciduous tree species in the Betulaceae family. Commonly known by the names Himalayan Birch and Indian Paper Birch, amongst others, this plant is native to the Himalayas. It has ornamental, white, pinkish or copper-brown papery, peeling bark. Foliage is dark green in colour and measures up to 12cm in length. This plant is termed monoecious as it produces both male and female flowers on the same individual plant. These flowers are either male or female and they are arranged in catkin structures, the males ones are long and coloured yellow-brown, appearing early in the spring. Capable of reaching 25m in height, this species is a very popular tree with its stunning white bark and tall slim shape.

Common problems with Himalayan Birch

How to propagate Himalayan Birch


Softwood cuttings can be taken in the mid spring and early summer.


Seeds can be planted in mid-summer to late winter.


Propagation is by grafting in late winter.

Special features of Himalayan Birch

Attractive leaves

Other uses of Himalayan Birch

Banks, specimen