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A picture of a River Birch

River Birch

Betula nigra

Also known as

Black Birch, Red Birch, Red birch, Birch

Full Sun
Moderate care
Light watering
Frost Hardy

H7

RHS hardiness

-20°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

20m

Max

8m

12m

Min

4m

50 years to reach maturity

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of River Birch

A photo of River Birch
A photo of River Birch

River Birch Overview

This is a useful landscape tree, and it will adapt to a wide range of growing conditions. It has arching stems and small soft green leaves. This is a short lived tree with beautiful pinkish, smooth and shiny young bark which will turn brown as it matures. The older bark will flake and curls in brown sheets. The leaves are about 2-3ins long; they are bright green on top with a silver below, and will turn yellow in the autumn.

Common problems with River Birch

How to propagate River Birch

Grafting

Propagation is by grafting in late winter.

Cuttings

Softwood cuttings in the early summer.

Other uses of River Birch

Ornamental, shade