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A picture of a Peony

Peony

Paeonia 'Dr Alexander Fleming'

Full Sun
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy

H5

RHS hardiness

-15°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

90cm

Max

60cm

60cm

Min

45cm

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

Peony Overview

There are about 33 species in this genus of beautiful perennials and shrubs. They are long-lived and rather woody with swollen roots. The large leaves have leaflets which are usually toothed or lobed. The flowers bloom in shades of pink or red but there are also white and yellow-flowered species.

Common problems with Peony

How to propagate Peony

Cuttings

Propagate by seed in autumn (may take up to 3 years to germinate), tuberous species by root cuttings in winter, tree peonies by semi-ripe cuttings in late summer.

Seed

Tubers

Grafting

Grafting in winter.

Division

Perennials may also be propagated by division in autumn or early spring.

Other uses of Peony

Grown for their bold foliage, showy blooms and in some species colourful seed pods. Flower arranging. As Alice Morse Earle the American author and historian (1851-1911) memorably wrote: "The Peony always looks like a well-dressed, well-shod, well-gloved girl of birth, breeding, and of equal good taste and good health; a girl who can swim and hike and play golf ..."