An indication of an apple being ready to pick is that is has coloured. The fruit should have swelled up to a good size and crunch with touch. To pick an apple, cup it in your hand, lift gently and if it easily comes off, it is ripe.
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Apple 'James Grieve' Overview
Malus domestica 'James Grieve' is a hardy, deciduous tree cultivar that grows in cold temperate zones. Also known by the common names Bramley Apple 'James Grieve', the apple fruits are yellow-green in colour, with speckled and striped orange-red colouring. They bruise easily and have a savoury and delicate taste. This plant grows best where there is cold in winter, moderate summer temperatures, and medium to high humidity. It is moderately fast-growing, but growth slows with age. Apple trees can live for 100 years or more. They bloom in the spring, set fruit, and take from 100 to 200 days to reach harvest depending upon the variety. This cultivar is best harvested from September-October. An apple a day is said to keep the doctor away! This cultivar has earnt a Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Award of Garden Merit. It is also part of the RHS “Plants for Pollinators” initiative to showcase plants which support pollinator populations by providing ample amounts of nectar and/ or pollen. A great choice for encouraging pollinating insect wildlife into your garden! Raised by James Grieve in Edinburgh, Scotland and introduced by his employers, Dickson's nurserymen, It was first recorded in 1893 and received an AGM from the RHS in 1897. in 1906 it was also given a first class certificate by the RHS. It's Fruits have a rather soft but very juice flesh with a good refreshing flavour. Dual purpose as either a cooking of eating apple. It's fruits have a red flush in stripes over pale green and are a reliable cropper.
Common problems with Apple 'James Grieve'
Pests that attack apples are scale, codling moths, fruit fly and mites. Powdery mildew results in a dusty white coating on leaves and fruit. Apple scab results in greenish brown spots and fusi result in black spots on the fruit skin.
How to propagate Apple 'James Grieve'
Grafts from a well-known cultivar is taken during dormant stage and grafted unto a rootstock - often seedlings produce strong roots and can be used as rootstock too! Budding is preferred in nurseries when only an eye is put on a rootstock.
Seed need cold stratification and will give rise to new characteristics, different than the parent, therefor seldom used. It will take about 7 years from pips to start harvest to evaluate new plant.
Special features of Apple 'James Grieve'
Apple trees can be tree-trained or espaliered into beautiful shapes to make a pretty hedge screen.
Do not plant an apple tree where an old one was removed - rather plant vegetables or trees from other fruit families.
Attracts useful insects
Blossoms need cross-pollinating to set fruit, the nectar attracts pollinating insects such as bees.
Other uses of Apple 'James Grieve'
Apples are delicious nutritious fruit!
Minerals and vitamins inside the fruit prevent diseases and grated apple is considered a wonderful treat for recovering during and or after illness.