Poinsettia

Euphorbia pulcherrima

Bird-Of-Paradise Flower, Christmas Flower, Christmas Star, Fire On The Mountain, Fire Plant, Flame-Leaf Flower, Flor De La Noche Buena, Lobster Flower, Lobsterplant, Mexican Easter Flower, Mexican Flameleaf, Painted Leaf, Pride Of Barbados

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Euphorbia pulcherrima is a shrub or small tree, but mostly seen as a potted indoor plant. It is especially popular at Christmas time because of the colouring of the leaves. The colored bracts, which are most often flaming red but can be orange, pale green, cream, pink, white, or marbled, are often mistaken for flower petals because of their groupings and colors, but are actually leaves. Poinsettia can be grown outdoors in frost free regions.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Autumn, Winter

Harvesting

Generally not harvested.

Propagation

Cuttings

Take basal stem cuttings in late spring and early summer, dip ends in warm water to stop bleeding, root in well-draining seedling mix.

Special features

Indoor plant
Pot plant
Autumn colour

Special features

Origin

Central America, Mexico

Natural climate

Tropical

Environment

Light

Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Loam, Compost

Soil PH preference

Neutral

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Ornamental

Poinsettia is grown for the potted plant industry and is widely used as a Christmas decoration.

Personality

Family

Euphorbiaceae

Flower colour

Yellow, Green

Scent

None

Problems

Susceptible to whitefly and botrytis rots, provide good air flow and good pot drainage.

Related Problems

Companion plants

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Knowledge and advice

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