A picture of a Box


Buxus sempervirens

Also known as

Common Box, European Box, Abassian Boxwood, French Boxwood, Persian Boxwood, Turkish Boxwood, Boxtree, Boxwood, Dudeon

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size









  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

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Box Overview

Buxus is a genus of about 70 species from a range of origins, with the majority of species being tropical or subtropical; only the European and some Asian species are frost-tolerant. The Buxus genus is split into 3 sections according to the regions: Eurasian species, the African (except northwest Africa) and Madagascan species, and the American species. The African and American plants are genetically more similar to each other than the Eurasian section. Boxwood - as Buxus sempervirens also known - is grown in gardens for its good hedging ability and can be clipped into various shapes. Commercially, the wood is used in the manufacture of parts of musical instruments. Buxus sempervirens is best grown in soil that is well-draining and moist. They prefer a partially shaded situation as they can easily be scorched by sun and strong winds - also meaning they prefer a sheltered area.

Common problems with Box

How to propagate Box


Sow seed in autumn in well draining potting mix.


Root semi-ripe cuttings in summer or graft in winter.

Special features of Box

Hedge plant

Box make excellent hedges of various sizes depending on the species, often used in knot gardens and as topiaries.

Pot plant

Makes pretty green potplants - often clipped in spheres or other shapes.

Other uses of Box

Ornamental, foliage, edging, border, hedging, container, banks, specimen. Year-round interest.

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