Box

Buxus sempervirens

Common Box, European Box, Abassian Boxwood, French Boxwood, Persian Boxwood, Turkish Boxwood, Boxtree, Boxwood

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Buxus is a genus of about 70 species from a range of origins, with the majority of species being tropical or subtropical; only the European and some Asian species are frost-tolerant. The genus is split into 3 sections according to the regions; Eurasian species, the African (except northwest Africa) and Madagascan species, and the American species. The African and American plants are genetically more similar to each other than the Eurasian section. Boxwood is grown in gardens for its good hedging ability and can be clipped into various shapes. Commercially the wood is used in the manufacture of parts of musical instruments.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Spring

Fruiting time

Spring

Harvesting

Generally not harvested

Propagation

Seed

Sow seed in autumn in well draining potting mix.

Cuttings

Root semi-ripe cuttings in summer or graft in winter.

Special features

Hedge plant

Box make excellent hedges of various sizes depending on the species, often used in knot gardens and as topiaries.

Pot plant

Makes pretty green potplants - often clipped in spheres or other shapes.

Special features

Origin

Europe, western and southern, Asia, southwest, southern and eastern, Africa, Madagascar, America, northernmost South America, Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean

Natural climate

Mediterraenean

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Neutral

Frost hardiness

Tender

Personality

Family

Buxaceae

Flower colour

White, Yellow

Scent

None

Problems

Susceptible to red spider mites

Related Problems

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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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