Cattleya Orchid

Cattleya spp.

Cattleya

profile iconCattleya warneri
by Dalton Holland Baptista (CC BY-SA 3.0)
1 of 14
profile iconCattleya warneri
by Dalton Holland Baptista (CC BY-SA 3.0)
1 of 14
Cattleya is a genus of 113 species of orchids. Most Cattleyas and their relatives are easy to grow. With reasonable care, they can be grown anywhere in the world. With proper care, a Cattleya plant can be grown on indefinitely and can be flowered year after year. Proper care depends on a few basic factors, each of them influenced by the others. They are: 1) light and shade; 2) temperature; 3) air movement; 4) humidity; 5) watering; 6) potting and potting medium; 7) feeding. The essence of good growing is in achieving a happy balance of all factors in relationship to each plant. This is not too difficult, but it demands knowledge, understanding and careful observation on the part of the grower.

Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter

Harvesting

Flowers can be harvested when fully open. Cut the stalk just above the bud sheath and below the blooms with a sharp blade.

Propagation

Division

Divide when plants overflow their containers or remove backbulbs and pot seperately.

Special features

Indoor plant

Place plants in positions of high light, but no direct sunlight, they will tolerate a great deal more light if accompanied by sufficient humidity and air movement to keep the leaf-temperature down.

Pot plant

Potting medium must be light and drain freely, best to use specialized orchid mix, water freely in summer and more sparingly in winter.

Attractive flowers

Flower colours range in many colours except true blue and black.

Special features

Origin

America, Central and South America, Costa Rica and the Lesser Antilles south to Argentina.

Natural climate

Temperate forests

Environment

Light

Full Shade

Soil type

Loam

Frost hardiness

Tender

Personality

Family

Orchidaceae

Flower colour

Multicoloured

Scent

None

Problems

Susceptible to scale insects, red spider mites, aphids and mealy bugs

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