50 years to reach maturity
This plant has no fragrance
More images of Ginkgo
Ginkgo biloba is a lovely shade tree, the only living species in the division Ginkgophyta, all others being extinct. It may reach 25m in height, with young trees forming a cone-shape, this becomes irregular with age. Commonly known by the names Ginkgo, Ginkgo Tree, Common Ginkgo, Maidenhair Tree and Fossil Tree. It is deciduous and thus loses its foliage over the winter. The unique leaves are fan-shaped, coloured light green and developing bright golden yellow autumn colouration. Leaves measure up to 12cm across. This plant is termed dioecious and thus produces male or female unisexual flowers, containing either male or female reproductive organs. These gendered flowers are produced on individual trees. On female trees, the flowers lead onto unpleasantly scented, yellow fruits, in autumn. Male Ginkgos are more sought after for cultivation as the ripening fruit of female specimens emits an unpleasant scent similar to vomit. Male trees produce pollen cones while females produce two ovules that develop into the seeds. Cultivars for garden use have been developed from this species.
Common problems with Ginkgo
Generally problem free
How to harvest Ginkgo
Seed can be harvested and planted once fully matured and ripe.
How to propagate Ginkgo
Take semi-hardwood cuttings in summer
Sow seed in containers as soon as ripe.
Special features of Ginkgo
Leaves turn golden yellow in autumn.
Other uses of Ginkgo
Shade, ornamental, foliage, medicinal, autumn interest.
Traditional medicine in the East
Ginko nuts (seeds) are eaten in Asia.
Multi Stemmed Trees
With a little formative work these trees can be trained into multi- stemmed specimens.Explore all