Japanese Maple

Acer palmatum

Cut-Leaved Japanese Maple

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Japanese maples have been cultivated in Japan and temperate regions of the world for centuries. A popular choice for Bonsai enthusiasts and Japanese themed gardens. The species name Acer palmatum comes from the hand-like shape of its leaves. The red-leafed cultivars are the most popular, followed by cascading green shrubs with deeply dissected leaves. They come in a range of sizes from small flat growing shrubs to small trees with domed-like shapes, all have vibrant autumn colours.
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Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Spring, Summer

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Red winged fruit forms in late summer, the seeds can be harvested in autumn.

Propagation

Seed

Seeds require stratification in order to germinate - usually winter cold will help. Sow seeds in situ or in containers.

Cuttings

Graft in late winter, bud in late summer.

Special features

Pot plant

Can be trained as Bonsai trees

Autumn colour

Leaves turn colour in autumn, variety dependent ranging from yellow to red.

Attractive leaves

Special features

Origin

Aisia, China Korea, Japan

Natural climate

Temperate

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Acid

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Uses

Medicinal

Leaves are used in Chinese medicine

Notes

This low maintenance tree suits urban/courtyard gardens as well as cottage/ informal settings. It provides mid level structure and can be grown in a container.

Personality

Family

Sapindaceae

Flower colour

Purple, Red, Insignificant

Scent

None

Problems

Prone to mites, scale insects, caterpillars, Verticillium wilt, leaf scorch and Honey fungus

Related Problems

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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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