Saffron Crocus

Crocus sativus

Autumn Crocus, Blood Of Thoth, Saffron, St Valentine's Rose

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Saffron is obtained from the Crocus flower, which is born on a bulbous plant with grass or thread-like leaves. Saffron threads are the bright red stigmas and styles from the Crocus flowers.
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Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Autumn

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Flowers open with daylight and are harvested in the early morning before the flowers wilt. The stigmas and styles are removed by hand and then dried.

Propagation

Division

Corms can be divided in the dormant season (summer).

Special features

Attractive flowers

The flowers grow near the soil and are a beautiful lilac colour.

Special features

Origin

Exact origin is unknown, but suspected to be Greece.

Natural climate

Mediterranean

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Chalk, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Alkaline, Neutral

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Uses

Edible

The stigmas and styles of the flowers are edible. Saffron is considered to be the most valuable spice by weight.

Personality

Family

Iridaceae

Flower colour

Purple

Scent

Mild

Problems

Mice and moles may feed on the corms. While in storage (dormant) the corms are susceptible to rots and moulds.

Companion plants

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Knowledge and advice

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