Lace Leaf

Anthurium spp.

Flamingo Flower, Tailflower

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Anthurium is a large genus with around 926 unique species of popular foliage plants with a tropical feel. Species from this genus are grown for their attractive, colourful flowering bracts which are particularly popular in the cut flower trade. Bracts are modified leaf structures that surround the flower. The fabulous flowers are long-lasting, waxy and aesthetically pleasing, they typically come in red, pink, purple or white shades. Commonly known as Flamingo Flower or Lace Leaf, these plants are typically grown as landscape specimens in tropical gardens. They are also prized across the globe in more temperate climates as houseplants or tender patio plants. With slight care and attention, you can enjoy a touch of the tropics all year round in your home! These grow well in full to partial sunlight, plant in moist, well-draining soil for optimal growth.
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Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter

Harvesting

Harvest after 3 – 6 months of planting. Each leaf unfolds to produce one flower. Flowers are harvested when the spathe completely unfurls and the spadix is well developed with one-third of bisexual flowers open. Harvesting has to be done during cooler parts of the day i.e. early morning or late evening. In general, the blooms are placed in water held in plastic buckets immediately after cutting from the plant. Delay in keeping in water allows air entry into the stem and causes blockage of the vascular vessels. Cut flowers after harvest should be shifted to pre-cooling chambers in refrigerated vehicles having 2-4°C temperature as they deteriorate most rapidly at high temperature.

Propagation

Division

Can be propagated by dividing the stem with the roots in the spring and potting the separated pieces. Keep warm in an enclosed glass case with high humidity for a few weeks.

Seed

Sow seeds, as soon as they have ripened, in shallow earthenware pans filled with chopped sphagnum moss, charcoal and sand. Cover the pan with a piece of glass or plastic and place in a warm area.

Cuttings

Top off the stem with few roots of 3 to 4 year old plants, remove and plant. Each cutting should have a single eye or bud to produce good new roots.

Special features

Indoor plant

If you are growing this plant as a houseplant, half and half mix of potting soil and orchid soil or perlite will provide the kind of soil anthuriums thrive in.

Pot plant

When planting in a pot, half and half mix of potting soil and orchid soil or perlite will provide the kind of soil anthuriums will thrive in.

Attracts birds

When ready for pollination the inflorescence emits pheromones that attracts small birds such as hummingbirds.

Attractive flowers

Attractive waxy blooms.

Special features

Origin

The Americas, New World Tropics.

Natural climate

Subtropical Coastal

Environment

Light

Full Shade, Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Dry

Soil type

Loam, Air

Soil PH preference

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Ornamental

Popular potplant to add colour indoors or cut flower to use in special bouquets.

Personality

Family

Araceae

Flower colour

Pink, Purple, Red, White

Scent

None

Problems

Pests include aphids, scales, mealybugs and thrips. Diseases include root rot, leaf spot, bacterial wilt and Rhizoctinia.

Related Problems

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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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