Common Camellia

Camellia japonica

Japanese Camellia, rose camellia, Rose Of Winter, Japanese Rose

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by MidnightVisitor (All rights reserved)
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by MidnightVisitor (All rights reserved)
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Camellia japonica is an evergreen shrub or tree species from the Theaceae family. It can produce beautiful flowers year-round if grown in ideal conditions and it is commonly known by the names Rose Of Winter, Japanese Camellia and Common Camellia. There are several species of Camellia, including Camellia sinensis, the tea plant, which is used to produce green, white and black tea. This plant is one of the most commonly found species, it can be used for hedging and borders or just as a beautiful​ focal point in your garden. The darker flowering Camellias can withstand a bit more sun, but the pink and white forms are usually grown in shade. If you find that leaf veins are turning yellow, you might need to adjust the pH of your soil, the ideal pH is slightly acidic, between 6.0-6.5.
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Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Spring, Winter

Fruiting time

Spring

Harvesting

Flowers can be cut whenever desired.

Propagation

Cuttings

Soft wood cuttings: cut a 10cm long new shoot, remove half of the leaves on the shoot, dip the base in rooting hormone (or alternatively cinnamon powder) & plant in moist compost.

Layering

Air Layering - cut a branch partially through, dip in hormone (or cinnamon), bend the branch so cut area touches the soil, weigh it down to keep it in place, leave to root and cut away parent plant.

Special features

Indoor plant

You are able to successfully​ grow Camellias in a container indoors.

Hedge plant

It can be grown as a beautiful hedge, prune into the shape and size you want. Camellias grow well in spring and summer but not much during autumn and winter.​ The best time to prune is in autumn or after flowering.

Pot plant

Camellias do nicely in pots. Ensure good drainage and a good potting soil mix.

Attractive flowers

Colours range from white to pink and red.

Special features

Origin

Asia, China, Japan and South Korea

Natural climate

Temperate climates

Environment

Light

Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Loam, Clay, Sand

Soil PH preference

Acid, Neutral

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Personality

Family

Theaceae

Flower colour

Red, Pink

Scent

None
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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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