Also known as
Lords And Ladies, Adder's Meat, Aaron, Adam And Eve, Adder's Root, Arrowroot, Bloody Man's Finger, Bobbin' Joan, Bobbing Jane, Bobbins, Boys And Girls, Brown Dragons, Bulls And Cows, Calf's Foot, Cobbler's Thumb, Cocky Baby, Devil's Ladies And Gentlemen, Devil's Men And Women, English Passion Flower, Friar's Cowl, Gethsemane, Jack-In-A-Box, Jack-In-The-Pulpit, Kitty-Come-Down-The-Lane, Lamb In A Pulpit, Lily Grass, Mandrake, Naked Ladies, Nightingales, Parson And Clerk, Parson In The Pulpit, Portland Arrowroot, Portland Sago Plant, Portland Starchroot, Priest's Pintle, Rampe, Snake's Victuals, Starch Flower, Starch Plant, Wake-Robin, Adam-And-Eve, Lords-And-Ladies
Arum maculatum leaves by Walcoford (CC BY-SA 3.0)
5 years to reach maturity
This plant has a strong fragrance
Available on Marketplace
Arum maculatum is commonly known by many names including lords and ladies and cuckoo pint. This plant is found throughout British and European woodlands, first appearing in spring, sprouting from the ground with shiny green arrow-shaped leaves with dark purple spots. The flowers appear shortly after the foliage, at the base, a poker-shaped, purple spadix appears. This is surrounded by a pale green leaf-like hood. In autumn, bright red and orange berries are borne on short spikes. This interesting and easily grown tuberous perennial is a great addition to any woodland or shade garden with its interesting flower form and bright berries. It can however dominate gardens as it readily self-seeds and may also be spread through rhizome fragments. This species can take over gardens, plant with care!
Berries can be stripped in Autumn once they have fully ripened and seeds removed with care.
Propagate by dividing tubers after flowering when they have become dormant in the Autumn. Tubers can be as deep as 400 mm below the surface and should be handled with care, this is a poisonous plant.
Seeds should be sown as soon as they have ripened in the Autumn. The fleshy part of the berry should be removed and the seed sown at a depth twice its size. Self seeding may become a problem.
Bright red and orange berries stand alone on their short spikes in Autumn.
Suits informal cottage gardens in flower borders/beds or under large shrubs/trees. It is occasionally used for flower arranging.