Common Columbine

Aquilegia vulgaris

Columbine, Granny's Bonnet, American Bluebells, American Snapdragon C, Pigeon Flower, Pigeon Foot, Sow Wort, Apon's Tail C, Cock's Foot, Dove Plant, Naked Woman's Foot, Lady's Shoes, Lion's Herb, God's Breath, Culverwort, European Columbine, European Crowfoot, Capon's-Feather, Garden Columbine

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Aquilegia vulgaris is usually found as a wild species with blue nodding bonnetts, commonly known by the name Common Columbine. This plant is from the Ranunculaceae family. There is a long history of cultivation and development in gardens which has resulted in most beautiful variations of colour, the flowers include shades of mauve, purple, pink and white. An easily grown, popular plant found throughout cottage gardens, this Columbine will rapidly self-seed and soon fill your garden with an array of colour during spring. This species is part of the Royal Horticultural Society “Plants for Pollinators” initiative to showcase plants which support pollinator populations by providing ample amounts of nectar and/ or pollen. A great choice for encouraging pollinating insect wildlife into your garden!
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Flowering time

Spring, Summer

Fruiting time



Seeds can be harvested and collected, once mature in late summer. Aquilegia vulgaris will self seed in situ or seeds can be collected and sown again in early spring or Autumn.



Collect seeds when dry in late summer and early Autumn. Seeds can be sown immediately or the following spring. Seeds should be sown just below the surface at a depth of 5mm.

Special features

Attractive flowers

Attracts useful insects

Attracts bees

Attracts butterflies

Special features



Natural climate

Temperate Interior



Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture


Soil type

Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Neutral, Acid, Alkaline

Frost hardiness





Flower colour

Purple, Blue




Susceptible to Aquilegia downy mildew.
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Knowledge and advice

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