Bougainvillea

Bougainvillea glabra

Paper Flower, Lesser Bougainvillea

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Bougainvillea is one of the most spectacular and colourful groups of climbing plants. These thorny climbers, native to South America, vary in size and colour and can be grown in pots or in the garden. They need a trellis or pillar to climb on and they are more than content in dry, warm environments.
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Planning

Difficulty

Moderate

Flowering time

Spring, Summer, Autumn

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Flowers can be harvested from the plant at any time in the flowering period.

Propagation

Cuttings

Use hardwood cuttings in Spring and place in river sand till roots appear. Make sure the temperature is a slight bit above the air temperature.

Layering

Layering can be used in late winter or early spring and is a very effective way of propagation.

Special features

Hedge plant

Bougainvillea will grow up anything, a wall, pillar or trellis. Secure the branches well to prevent them from falling down.

Pot plant

Ensure the pot in large enough, more than 10 liters in volume. Do not over-water these plants.

Drought resistant

A mistake many people make is to over-water the young Bougainvillae plants. Once the plants have been established very little water is needed.

Attracts useful insects

Bees and butterflies are found in flowering season

Special features

Origin

Native to South America, but can be found all around the globe and are especially abundant in former British colonies.

Natural climate

Subtropical

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Dry

Soil type

Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Frost hardiness

Tender

Personality

Family

Nyctaginaceae

Flower colour

Purple, Red, White, Orange, Pink, Yellow

Scent

Mild

Problems

Pest and disease free.

Companion plants

Grown as an indoor houseplant in the UK, it will need support to climb up.
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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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