Loquat

Eriobotrya japonica

Japanese Loquat, Japanese Medlar, Japanese Plum, Nispero

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This little evergreen tree has beautiful foliage, fragrant flowers, delicious fruit and it is easy to grow. The loquat grows to about 6.1 m high assuming a rounded form with upward pointing branches. Large, deeply textured dark green leaves are about 7.6 cm long with the bottom surface being light green and slightly fuzzy. New foliage on some specimens is an attractive rusty red. The sweetly scented white flowers are followed by small, edible yellow fruits in spring.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Fruiting time

Spring, Autumn

Harvesting

Loquat fruits should be allowed to ripen fully before harvesting. They reach maturity in about 90 days from full flower opening. A ripe fruit will have a distinctive yellowy-orange colour and begin to soften. Unripe fruits do not ripen properly off the tree and are excessively acid. The fruit must be carefully clipped individually as they are difficult to separate from the cluster stems without tearing. Ripe fruit may be refridgerated for 1 to 2 weeks.

Propagation

Seed

Trees are commonly grafted onto loquat seedlings or dwarf rootstock of quince. Spacing - 3-5m apart.

Special features

Attracts birds

Ripe fruits attract birds.

Attracts useful insects

The loquat flowers attract bees.

Indoor plant

The European loquat trees are often cultivated as ornimental plants.

Crop rotation

Light Feeder

Special features

Origin

Native to China, the loquat was later introduced to Japan.

Natural climate

Temperate Coastal

Environment

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade, Partial Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Neutral

Frost hardiness

Hardy

Uses

Edible

Fruits

Notes

Fruits are eaten fresh

Personality

Family

Rosaceae

Flower colour

White

Scent

Mild

Problems

Young trees don't compete well with weeds. Fruit flies are a common problem as are black scale, birds, aphids & caterpillars. Most can be avoided by removing fruit quickly when ripe.
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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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