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Beetroot

Beta vulgaris

Because of its beautiful range of colours and the ability to give off colour readily, the beetroot makes a wonderful colourant. The whole plant is edible, from the leaves to the root, although its bulky taproot is more popular. Widely grown in home gardens throughout the world, but if you have hot summers, grow beets in the cool seasons, or during the winter in mild-climate areas.

Planning

Difficulty
Easy
Flowering time
Summer
Fruiting time
Summer

Harvesting

Depending on the variety, beetroot is ready to be harvested when the roots are the size of a golf ball in diameter, generally 90 days after sowing. Pull up alternate plants, leaving the others to reach maturity, so that they can be harvested when they are larger, about 5-7.5 cm.

Propagation

Seed
You can grow a crop of early beets which should be planted between February and April. Plant them outside in rows, 10cm apart with the rows 40cm apart. Main crops can be sown from April to July, straight into the ground 10cm apart with the rows 30cm apart at around 2.5cm deep.

Special features

Pot plant
Round varieties can be grown in pots. Choose containers that are at least 20 cm in diameter and equally deep.
Crop rotation
Do not replant with root crops in the same area, but rotate with green manure, Cabbage family, light feeders or other groups of vegetables.

Geography

Origin
Asia, Europe.
Natural climate
Cold Interior

Environment

Light
Full Sun, Partial Sun
Soil moisture
Moist
Soil type
Loam, Sand, Compost, Clay, Chalk
Soil PH preference
Neutral, Acid, Alkaline
Frost hardiness
Hardy

Uses

Edible
All bits of the plant is edible!
Fertiliser
Popular as organic fertiliser!

Personality

Family
Amaranthaceae
Flower colour
Green, Red
Scent
None

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