Bramley apple

Malus domestica

Appel (Afr.), Apple, Bramley, Bramley's, Bramley's Seedling, Bramleys

Lob Korocha1
by Лобачев Владимир (CC BY-SA 3.0)
1 of 10
A close up of Malus domestica apple fruits
Lob Korocha1
by Лобачев Владимир (CC BY-SA 3.0)
1 of 10
Malus domestica is a hardy, deciduous woody perennial tree that grows in cold temperate zones. also known by the common names Bramley apple or apple, this plant grows best where there is cold in winter, moderate summer temperatures, and medium to high humidity. It is moderately fast growing, but growth slows with age. Apple trees can live for 100 years or more. Apple trees bloom in the spring, set fruit, and take from 100 to 200 days to reach harvest depending upon the variety. An apple a day is said to keep the doctor away!
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Spring

Fruiting time

Summer, Autumn

Harvesting

An indication of an apple being ready to pick is that is has coloured. The fruit should have swelled up to a good size and crunch with touch. To pick an apple, cup it in your hand, lift gently and if it easily comes off, it is ripe.

Propagation

Cuttings

Grafts from a well-known cultivar is taken during dormant stage and grafted unto a rootstock - often seedlings produce strong roots and can be used as rootstock too! Budding is preferred in nurseries when only an eye is put on a rootstock.

Seed

Seed need cold stratification and will give rise to new characteristics, different than the parent, therefor seldom used. It will take about 7 years from pips to start harvest to evaluate new plant.

Special features

Attracts useful insects
Hedge plant
Crop rotation

Special features

Origin

Central to Southwestern Asia.

Natural climate

Cold interior

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Clay, Loam

Soil PH preference

Acid, Neutral

Frost hardiness

Half-Hardy

Uses

Culinary

Apples are delicious nutritious fruit!

Medicinal

Minerals and vitamins inside the fruit prevent diseases and grated apple is considered a wonderful treat for recovering during and or after illness.

Personality

Family

Rosaceae

Flower colour

White with a pink tinge

Scent

Mild

Problems

Pests that attack apples are scale, codling moths, fruit fly and mites. Powdery mildew results in a dusty white coating on leaves and fruit. Apple scab results in greenish brown spots and fusi result in black spots on the fruit skin.
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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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