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Chrysanthemum is a genus containing around 38 species of herbaceous perennial plants and hundreds of cultivars. Broadly divided into 'garden' or 'exhibition' groups, the first being hardier. There are a huge range of flower forms that have been developed over time. Very popular with gardeners and florists for their spectacular blooms. These plants are a good choice for first-time gardeners as they are easy to grow.
Garden chrysanthemums are ideal for borders and are not usually harvested. Florist chrysanthemums can be pinched to ensure abundant flowering or side buds removed to make one huge flower.
Sow seeds in Spring in situ, in full sun and well-drained soil. Germination within 10 to 18 days.
Soft-wood cuttings can be taken at the beginning or end of the flowering season. Remove the flower and lower leaves, place in propagating beds and keep moist until roots form.
Remove suckers with roots as the new growing season start and replant to grow into new plants.
A potted Chrysanthemum will flower around 6 weeks indoors in ideal conditions. They can then be planted outside, in a larger container, if the climate is temperate.
Flower colour is of a very large range: red, orange, yellow, green, purple, brown, pink, white and multi-coloured. They bloom profusely in late summer to autumn (short-day length sensitive).
Asia, Europe and Northern America.
Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil PH preference
Flower-based Chrysanthemum tea is popular in East-Asia, and is believed to be helpful in recovery from flue and acne. ln the West the tea is used as a compress to treat varicose veins.
Flower petals are edible and make lovely cake decorations.
In greenhouses: Leaf-tyer (Phlyctaenia ferrugalis), tarnished plant-bug and fungal rot.