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A picture of a Chrysanth

Chrysanth

Chrysanthemum spp.

Also known as

Mums, Daisy

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Tender

H1a

RHS hardiness

15°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

2m

Max

50cm

30cm

Min

30cm

Flowering

    • spring
    • summer
    • autumn
    • winter

    This plant has a strong fragrance

    More images

    A photo of Chrysanth
    Starr 080117-1761 Dendranthema x grandiflorum
    Kiku yellow01
    Fall Chrysanthemums
    Starr 080117-1750 Dendranthema x grandiflorum

    Overview

    Chrysanthemum is a genus containing around 38 species of herbaceous perennial plants and hundreds of cultivars. Broadly divided into​ 'garden' or 'exhibition' groups, the first being hardier. There are a huge range of flower forms that have been developed over time. Very popular with gardeners and florists for their spectacular blooms. These plants are a good choice for first-time gardeners as they are easy to grow.

    Common problems

    In greenhouses: Leaf-tyer (Phlyctaenia ferrugalis), tarnished plant-bug and fungal rot.

    Harvesting

    Garden chrysanthemums are ideal for borders and are not usually​ harvested. Florist chrysanthemums can be pinched to ensure abundant flowering or side buds removed to make one huge flower.

    Propagation

    Seed

    Sow seeds in Spring in situ, in full sun and well-drained soil. Germination within 10 to 18 days.

    Cuttings

    Soft-wood cuttings can be taken at the beginning or end of the flowering season. Remove the flower and lower leaves, place in propagating beds and keep moist until roots form.

    Suckers

    Remove suckers with roots as the new growing season start and replant to grow into new plants.

    Special Features

    Indoor plant

    A potted Chrysanthemum will flower around 6 weeks indoors in ideal conditions. They can then be planted outside, in a larger container, if the climate is temperate.

    Pot plant

    Attractive flowers

    Flower colour is of a very large range: red, orange, yellow, green, purple, brown, pink, white and multi-coloured. They bloom profusely in late summer to autumn (short-day length sensitive).

    Uses

    Medicinal

    Flower-based Chrysanthemum tea is popular in East-Asia, and is believed to be helpful in recovery from flue and acne. ln the West the tea is used as a compress to treat varicose veins.

    Edible

    Flower petals are edible and make lovely cake decorations.