Chrysanth

Chrysanthemum spp.

Mums, Daisy

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Chrysanthemum is a genus containing around 38 species of herbaceous perennial plants and hundreds of cultivars. Broadly divided into​ 'garden' or 'exhibition' groups, the first being hardier. There are a huge range of flower forms that have been developed over time. Very popular with gardeners and florists for their spectacular blooms. These plants are a good choice for first-time gardeners as they are easy to grow.
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Planning

Difficulty

Easy

Flowering time

Summer, Autumn

Fruiting time

Autumn

Harvesting

Garden chrysanthemums are ideal for borders and are not usually​ harvested. Florist chrysanthemums can be pinched to ensure abundant flowering or side buds removed to make one huge flower.

Propagation

Seed

Sow seeds in Spring in situ, in full sun and well-drained soil. Germination within 10 to 18 days.

Cuttings

Soft-wood cuttings can be taken at the beginning or end of the flowering season. Remove the flower and lower leaves, place in propagating beds and keep moist until roots form.

Suckers

Remove suckers with roots as the new growing season start and replant to grow into new plants.

Special features

Indoor plant

A potted Chrysanthemum will flower around 6 weeks indoors in ideal conditions. They can then be planted outside, in a larger container, if the climate is temperate.

Pot plant

Attractive flowers

Flower colour is of a very large range: red, orange, yellow, green, purple, brown, pink, white and multi-coloured. They bloom profusely in late summer to autumn (short-day length sensitive).

Special features

Origin

Asia, Europe and Northern America.

Natural climate

Temperate Coastal

Environment

Light

Full Sun

Soil moisture

Moist

Soil type

Clay, Loam, Sand

Soil PH preference

Neutral

Frost hardiness

Tender

Uses

Medicinal

Flower-based Chrysanthemum tea is popular in East-Asia, and is believed to be helpful in recovery from flue and acne. ln the West the tea is used as a compress to treat varicose veins.

Edible

Flower petals are edible and make lovely cake decorations.

Personality

Family

Asteraceae

Flower colour

Multicoloured

Scent

Strong

Problems

In greenhouses: Leaf-tyer (Phlyctaenia ferrugalis), tarnished plant-bug and fungal rot.
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Knowledge and advice

Search our ever-growing knowledge base to find plants and information. Find out about pests and diseases you should be keeping an eye out for. Watch How to videos or follow step by step guides for tasks in the garden. Free download for your phone or tablet.
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