Choose a country to see content specific to your location

A picture of a Chilli

Chilli

Capsicum frutescens

Also known as

Tabasco Pepper, Bird Pepper, Capsicum, Hot Pepper, Red Chili, Spur Pepper

Capsicum frutescens02 by Meneerke bloem (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Tender

H1a

RHS hardiness

15°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

50cm

Max

1m

30cm

Min

50cm

Fruiting

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds. When picking chillies, refrain from pulling on the fruit, it may break off a branch or even uproot the entire plant. Use sharp garden pruners to cut the tough stem.

More images of Chilli

Capsicum frutescens (3)
A photo of Chilli
A photo of Chilli

Chilli Overview

Chillies are the most important spice crop in the world known for its extremely pungent taste. The name "frutescens" translates as "bushy" or "shrubby". Known best from the famous "Tabasco" sauce which is made from the variety with the same name. Windbreak plants are essential where there is a danger of wind damage.

Common problems with Chilli

Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus, Aphids, Ants, Nematodes, Mites, Fungus

Chilli Companion Plants

Aubergines

How to propagate Chilli

Seed

Sowing time in winter/spring under a bed of mulch or as soil heats up. Germination take 3-4 weeks.

Special features of Chilli

Repels harmful insects

Often used to deter deer from orchards or vineyards. It is used as natural insecticide, mixed with other ingriedients like garlic.

Pot plant

Other uses of Chilli

Culinary

Medicinal

The seeds of Chili pepper contain capsaicin (a chemical compound), believed to have antibiotic properties.

Edible

Very hot seeds normally used as a flavouring.