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A picture of a Cucumber

Cucumber

Cucumis sativus

Full Sun
Easy care
Moderate watering
Tender

H1a

RHS hardiness

15°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

5m

Max

2m

30cm

Min

50cm

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has a mild fragrance

More images

A photo of Cucumber
A photo of Cucumber

Overview

Cucumbers are a salad vegetable from the gourd family. Cucumber plants grow in two forms: vining or bush. Vines scramble along the ground or climb up trellises or other supporting frames, wrap around supports with thin spiraling tendrils, while bush types form a more compact plant. Generally, vining cucumbers yield more fruit throughout the growing season, while bush selections are especially suited to containers and small gardens. The plant has large leaves that form a canopy over the fruit, which is roughly cylindrical, elongated with tapered ends, that can grow up to 60 cm long and 10 cm in diameter. Having an enclosed seed and developing from a flower, botanically speaking, cucumbers are classified as pepoes, a type of botanical berry. Much like tomatoes and squash they are often also perceived, prepared and eaten as vegetables. Cucumbers are usually more than 90% water.

Common problems

Alternaria leaf blight, Angular leaf spot, Anthracnose, Aphids, Aster yellows, Bacterial leaf spot, Bacterial wilt, Damping-off, Cabbage looper, Cucumber beetles, Cucumber green mottle mosaic, Cucumber mosaic, Cutworms, Downy mildew, Fusarium wilt, Stinkbugs, Target leaf spot, Thrips, Verticillium wilt and Watermelon mosaic are common pests and diseases that are found on cucumbers.

Harvesting

Pick cucumbers when they are green, firm, slightly crispy and a good size.

Propagation

Seed

Sow either in situ or sow indoors and transplant outside later once the seedlings have been established. Sow in - Spring. Space seed 0.5-1m apart and 10mm deep; Germination time usually 7-10 days.

Special Features

Indoor plant

Can be grown both indoors and outdoors.

Crop rotation

Heavy Feeder

Uses

Culinary

Edible

The fruits and flowers are edible and are usually consumed fresh in salads or grated and mixed with greek yoghurt to make tsatsiki.