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A picture of a Red Alder

Red Alder

Cunonia capensis

Also known as

Butterspoon Tree, African red alder, Rooiels, Spoon tree

Full Sun
Moderate care
Frequent watering
Tender

H3-H1c

RHS hardiness

-5°C

Minimum temperature

Expected size

Height
Spread

18m

Max

5m

10m

Min

2m

Flowering

  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

This plant has no fragrance

More images of Red Alder

Butterspoon
Stipules forming "butterspoon"

Red Alder Overview

A tall evergreen tree that naturally occurs in watercourses and damp areas in South Africa. Has glossy green leaves with a sharp toothed margin and the young shoots are reddish in colour and enclosed in two large spoon-shaped stipules. The flowers are small and creamy white clustered along a flower stalk (like a bottle-brush). It is a very attractive garden plant that grows well in wet areas and attracts insects and birds when in flower (Summer and Autumn). Traditionally used to treat nervous complaints. The wood is used to make furniture, as it has a very fine grain and is a hard wood. Uses: A fast growing and decorative garden tree. Used as timber and to treat some nervous conditions.

Common problems with Red Alder

Problem free

    Red Alder Companion Plants

    Podocarpus sp., Kiggelaria africana and other evergreen tree species

    How to harvest Red Alder

    Harvest as needed.

    How to propagate Red Alder

    Seed

    Sowing time in Autumn - keep moist.

    Cuttings

    Semi-ripe cuttings in summer.

    Special features of Red Alder

    Attracts birds

    Attracts useful insects

    Wet sites

    Hedge plant

    Effective green hedge.

    Attractive flowers

    Other uses of Red Alder

    A fast growing and decorative garden tree. Used as timber and

    Medicinal

    Use to treat some nervous conditions.

    Other uses

    Medicinal

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